As a moderate, Specter became rare in politics

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HARRISBURG, Pa. — Arlen Specter, who spent much of his 30-year career in the U.S. Senate warning of the dangers of political intolerance, is remembered as one of Congress' best-known moderates and was a member of both major parties during his career. Now, two years after he was voted out of office, his death coincides with a finding by political scientists that Congress is more polarized than at any point since Reconstruction.

Specter, who died Sunday, even began a short-lived run for president in 1995 on a platform that warned his fellow Republicans of the "intolerant right." He lost his job after crossing political party lines to make the toughest vote he had ever cast in his career when, in 2009, he became one of three Republicans to vote for President Barack Obama's economic stimulus bill.

Republican fury drove Specter to the Democratic Party, where he lost the 2010 primary.

Former Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Ridge, who served six terms in the U.S. House, said he thinks a serious third party could emerge on the national stage in 2016 without bipartisan agreement on major issues including the debt and immigration.

"I think the American public is fed up with the inability of both parties to find common ground," Ridge said Sunday.

Sen. Bob Casey, D-Pa., who served four years with Specter, said Sunday that he believes moderates can still bring people together.

"It's not going to happen naturally or by accident," Casey said. "We have to work at it. ... Each individual member of Congress has to take on personal responsibility."