NEW YORK -- As 2012 ended and businesses and employees alike waited for Congress to resolve the crisis over the so-called fiscal cliff, many did what any good businessperson would do. Not knowing how much tax rates would go up, or whether Congress would allow a temporary payroll tax cut to expire, they did the most expedient thing for their wallets (if not for the government's coffers): They paid themselves early.
That's according to new data from the Bureau of Economic Analysis, which says that personal income jumped 2.6 percent in December and 1.0 percent in November, after staying mostly flat for many of the previous months. Income from dividends, which hovered around $700 billion a month for each month in 2012, jumped to $1 trillion in December; total compensation rose from an average of around $13.3 trillion to $13.9 trillion in December.
The numbers might not be surprising. After all, Costco, Wal-Mart, Hot Topic and Dillard's all said they were paying dividends to shareholders in December 2012, rather than wait for 2013. Jefferies Co. told employees that they would receive all-cash bonuses in December 2012, to avoid whatever the consequences of the fiscal cliff turbulence would be. Even some athletes, including Atlanta Braves outfielder B.J. Upton, reportedly asked for major bonuses in 2012, anticipating a bigger tax bite in 2013.
"Personal income in November and December was boosted by accelerated and special dividend payments to persons and by accelerated bonus payments and other irregular pay in private wages and salaries in anticipation of changes in individual income tax rates," the BEA said.
It's unclear how much money in taxes those December bonuses and dividends saved. For those who don't remember the details, on Jan. 1 payroll taxes rose to 6.2 percent from 4.2 percent; tax rates on individual filers with incomes above $400,000 rose to 39.6 percent from 35 percent; and dividend tax rates for filers earning more than $400,000 (or $450,000 for couples) increased to 20 percent from 15 percent.
But the December payouts don't seem to have translated into big spending. Consumers spent $9.7 trillion in December, up from $9.68 trillion in October, but that could just be holiday cheer.