Farms still have place in changing economic landscape

New crops sprout new agricultural business models

By Tom Vogt, Columbian science, military & history reporter



Farm acreage in Clark County

1880: 115,300

1890: 138,600

1900: 192,737

1910: 186,929

1920: 194,309

1925: 192,444

1930: 194,482

1935: 223,966

1945: 204,847

1950: 219,049

1954: 208,414

1964: 179,577

1969: 124,575

1974: 99,587

1978: 101,606

1982: 134,619

1987: 94,646

1992: 82,967

1997: 82,666

2002: 70,694

2007: 78,359

Source: USDA Census of Agriculture

As anyone who grew up in Clark County can attest, thousands of acres of farm land have been paved over and populated with houses.

From 1982 to 1992, the county’s farmland, as calculated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, dropped from 134,619 to 82,967 acres.

However, there are no up-to-the-minute official statistics on any facet of Clark County agriculture because of the pace of the national data-collection process.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture issues its census of agriculture every five years, and the most recent statistics cover the period from 2002 to 2007. Results of the December 2012 survey will provide an update this year.

What is known is that Clark County farming is becoming steadily less visible as Southwest Washington becomes more suburban. Still, the number of acres being farmed in Clark County did grow by nearly 11 percent from 2002 (70,694 acres) to 2007 (78,359 acres). And the number of farms grew more than 30 percent in the same span, from 1,596 farms in 2002 to 2,101 in 2007

Farms and rural homesteads continue to add millions of dollars to the local economy, growing strawberries, raspberries, blackberries, blueberries, peaches, vegetables, horses of all kinds, llamas, alpacas and specialty crops such as Christmas trees, flowers, ginseng and lavender.

But revenue generated from farming has dipped slightly in recent years. The USDA’s latest farm production figures, released in 2009, show 2,101 Clark County farms contributed $52.69 million annually to the economy.

That is a 3.2 percent decrease from $54.41 million in 2002.

According to the USDA charts, the biggest share of Clark County’s 2,101 farms are fairly modest operations. The average Clark County farm is 37 acres, about one-tenth the size of the 381-acre average Washington farm.

On the income side, about three-quarters of the county’s farms — 1,556 — did less than $5,000 in business, and 1,285 owners had a primary occupation other than farming.

On the labor side, about 1,600 workers were involved in crop and livestock production in 2006 — less than 1 percent of the county’s total workforce, according to the 2008 Bureau of Economic Analysis.

The latest official figures may underestimate farming’s current impact. County farm officials believe the USDA tends to undercount tiny farmsteads, a growing phenomenon in this county.

On “hobby farms,” folks may keep horses, chickens or even peacocks, grow a big garden or perhaps share with neighbors or sell produce at a farmers market.

The newest trend in Clark County’s fertile fields — other than a huge yield of subdivisions — is the growth of community-supported agriculture, plant nurseries, niche farms, farmers markets and roadside stands.

The community-supported agriculture operations are finding a receptive market. Their customers are city dwellers who sign up with farmers to get seasonal vegetables at regular intervals.

A recent brochure published by Washington State University Clark County Extension listed about 25 small-acreage CSA operations. It’s available at