Ex-House speaker Tom Foley dies at 84

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Reaction to the death of ex-House Speaker Foley

OLYMPIA — State officials and others react to the death of former Speaker of the House Tom Foley:

“He dedicated his life to making his community, his state, and his country a better place. He did it by reaching across the aisle, by bringing people together, by finding common ground. A true statesman knows how to unite people around their mutual, shared interests, while still respecting the differences among individuals. That’s the example Tom set, and it’s something all public servants should strive to emulate.” — Washington state Gov. Jay Inslee, who served with Foley in the House from 1993 to 1994.

“Tom spent his life serving his state and his country, and his legacy is felt not only in Eastern Washington, but around the world. From his work to build new roads, protect public lands, and bring federal resources to Spokane, to his career as a statesman overseas, Tom touched the lives of everyone he encountered, whether it was a wheat farmer in Washington or a foreign dignitary in Japan.” — U.S. Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash.

“Tom Foley will always be remembered as the King of Agriculture. He worked across the aisle to create the modern food stamp program, combatting hunger in America while broadening the agriculture market. Representing an agricultural district, Tom worked to make sure products grown in Washington state made it to dinner tables all around the world. He was a leader in opening Asian and other markets to Northwest wheat and cherries. And he worked with both President Carter and President Reagan to continue the Columbia Basin Irrigation Project that kept water flowing in Eastern Washington. As Tom said: 'A strong agriculture economy is absolutely essential for a strong national economy.’ Today, those words still ring true.” — U.S. Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash.

“Today, our hearts are heavy. Tom Foley was an honorable leader and colleague. He proudly served Eastern Washington with distinction for 30 years and will be remembered as one of our state’s giants. Eastern Washington agriculture and wheat farmers still benefit today from his leadership as Chairman of the House Agriculture Committee and House Speaker. Foley was highly regarded and respected by Democrats and Republicans and he remains a model for leaders today.” — Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers, R-Spokane.

“During his tenure in office and long afterward, he personified the intelligence, civility, humility and bipartisanship necessary to make wise public policy happen.” — Washington State University President Elson S. Floyd. WSU is home to the Thomas S. Foley Institute for Public Policy and Public Service, as well as a collection of Foley’s congressional papers from 1964 to 1995.

WASHINGTON — Tall and courtly, Tom Foley served 30 years in a U.S. House where partisan confrontation was less rancorous than today and where Democrats dominated for decades. He crowned his long political career by becoming speaker, only to be toppled when Republicans seized control of Congress in 1994, turned out by angry voters with little taste for incumbents.

Foley, the first speaker to be booted from office by his constituents since the Civil War, died Friday at the age of 84 of complications from a stroke, according to his wife, Heather.

She said he had suffered a stroke last December and was hospitalized in May with pneumonia. He returned home after a week and had been on hospice care there ever since, she said.

“Foley was very much a believer that the perfect should not get in the way of the achievable,” Ms. Foley wrote in a 10-page obituary of her husband. She said he believed that “half of something was better than none.”

“There was always another day and another Congress to move forward and get the other half done,” she wrote

Cornell Clayton, director of the Foley Institute for Public Policy at Washington State University, said that growing up during the Depression and World War II made Foley part of a generation that worked in a more bipartisan manner.

“They saw us all on the same team,” Clayton said.

Foley, who grew up in a politically active family in Spokane, Wash., represented that agriculture-heavy area for 30 years in the House, including more than five years in the speaker’s chair.

In that job, he was third in line of succession to the presidency and was the first speaker from west of the Rocky Mountains.

As speaker, he was an active negotiator in the 1990 budget talks that led to President George H.W. Bush breaking his pledge to never agree to raise taxes.

He was also at the helm when, in 1992, revelations that many lawmakers had been allowed to overdraw their checking accounts at the House bank provoked a wave of anger against incumbents. In 1993, he helped shepherd President Bill Clinton’s budget through the House.

He never served a day as a member of the House’s minority party. The Republican capture of the chamber in the 1994 gave them control for the first time in 40 years, and Foley, it turned out, was their prize victim.

He was replaced as speaker by his nemesis, Rep. Newt Gingrich, R-Ga., leader of a group of rebellious younger Republicans who rejected the less-combative tactics of established GOP leaders.

Foley was defeated in 1994 by 4,000 votes by Spokane attorney George Nethercutt, a Republican who supported term limits, which the speaker fought. Also hurting Foley was his ability to bring home federal benefits, which Nethercutt used against Foley by accusing him of pork-barrel politics.

Foley later served as U.S. ambassador to Japan for four years in the Clinton administration.

On Friday, House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, called Foley “forthright and warmhearted” in a written statement.

“Tom Foley endeared himself not only to the wheat farmers back home but also colleagues on both sides of the aisle,” Boehner said. “That had a lot to do with his solid sense of fairness, which remains a model for any speaker or representative.”

House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., called Foley “a quintessential champion of the common good” who “inspired a sense of purpose and civility that reflects the best of our democracy.”

She added, “Speaker Foley’s unrivaled ability to build consensus and find common ground earned him genuine respect on both sides of the aisle.”

In a 2004 Associated Press interview, Foley spoke about how voters did not appreciate the value of service as party leader, and said rural voters were turning against Democrats.

“We need to examine how we are responding to this division ... particularly the sense in some rural areas that the Democratic Party is not a party that respects faith or family or has respect for values. I think that’s wrong, but it’s a dangerous perception if it develops as it has,” he told the AP.

Foley loved the classics and art, hobnobbing with presidents, and his steady rise to power in Congress and diplomacy. He had a fine stereo system in his Capitol office.

He also loved riding horseback in parades and getting his boots dirty in the rolling hills of the Palouse country that his pioneer forebears helped settle.

Foley studied at the feet of the state’s two legendary senators, Henry M. Jackson and Warren G. Magnuson. “Scoop” Jackson was his mentor and urged his former aide to run for the House in 1964, which turned out to be a landslide year for Democrats.

Foley worked with leadership to get plum committee assignments. Retirement, new seniority rules, election losses and leadership battles lifted Foley into the Agriculture Committee chairmanship by age 44. He eventually left that post, which he later called his favorite leadership position, to become Democratic whip, the caucus’ third ranking post.

Similar good fortune elevated him to majority leader, and the downfall of Jim Wright of Texas lifted him to the speaker’s chair, where he served from June 1989 until January 1995.

“I wish I could say it was merit and hard work, but I think so much of what happens in a political career is the result of circumstances that are favorable and opportunities that come about,” Foley told the AP in 2003.

He said his proudest achievements were farm bills, hunger programs, civil liberties, environmental legislation and civil rights bills. Helping individual constituents also was satisfying, he said. Even though his views were often considerably to the left of his mostly Republican constituents, he said he tried to stay in touch.

Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., tweeted Friday, “Tom Foley was a tireless, dedicated public servant for WA & the nation. I wouldn’t be where I am today w/o his support. He’ll be missed.”

Cathy McMorris Rodgers, R-Wash., the No. 4 House GOP leader who holds Foley’s old eastern Washington seat, called him “an honorable leader and colleague” who was “highly regarded and respected by Democrats and Republicans.”

After leaving Congress, he joined a blue chip law firm in Washington, D.C., by one account earning $400,000, plus fees he earned serving on corporate boards. Foley and his wife, Heather, his unpaid political adviser and staff aide, had built their dream home in the capital in 1992.

In 1997, he took one of the most prestigious assignments in diplomacy, ambassador to Japan. A longtime Japan scholar, Foley had been a frequent visitor to that nation, in part to promote the farm products his district produces.

“Diplomacy is not, frankly, very different” from the deal-making, consensus-building and common courtesy that a successful politician needs, he said.

His father, Ralph, was a judge for decades and a school classmate of Bing Crosby’s. His mother, Helen, was a teacher.

Foley attended Gonzaga Preparatory School and Gonzaga University in Spokane. He graduated from the University of Washington Law School and worked as a prosecutor, assistant state attorney general, and as counsel for Jackson’s Senate Interior Committee for three years.

Then came the long House career.

Foley told the AP that in 1994, he thought about retiring, but talked himself into running one last time.