Syrian Christians ignored

Persecuted by Assad foes, they fear worse ifU.S. launches strikes

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As President Barack Obama pushes to keep his military options open in Syria, we hear of many sides in that brutal war. The Islamic factions, the Russians supporting dictator Bashar Assad, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Israel.

But one group is hardly mentioned.

Their houses of worship have been burned by Islamist rebels. Their clergy have been kidnapped. Their people have been killed. And when radical Islamists take a village, the people say they are told they have three choices: renounce their faith, pay a tax, or leave.

They are the Christians of Syria. And they've become refugees in their own land.

If Assad's government falls, will the Christians be purged by Islamic fundamentalists, as happened after the fall of strong central governments recently in Egypt and Iraq?

"In Washington, there is a very disturbing indifference toward the Christians of Syria," said Nina Shea, director of the Center for Religious Freedom and senior fellow at the Hudson Institute.

"Our political leaders don't talk enough about them to make it an issue, and many of our American religious leaders find it inconvenient. It's as if it is politically incorrect to talk of this problem."

Not all. Sen. Rand Paul, R-Ky., has publicly raised the question of what happens to the Christians if Assad falls. But Paul is in the minority.

As are the Christians of Syria. A few years ago, they made up almost 10 percent of the Syrian population. They were protected -- some say favored -- by the regime of the murderous Assad. But now their number is around 3 percent, according to estimates by Shea and others.

The other day I met with several Syrian Christians at St. George Antiochian Orthodox Church in Cicero, Ill. I wanted to hear their stories.

"When they come into Christian villages that still speak the same Aramaic language spoken by Jesus Christ, the rebels scream, 'It is time for the crusaders to leave!'" said the Rev. Nicholas Dahdal. "And by crusaders, they mean Christians."

The indifference of the West could be due to church politics. Or it could be that the mere mention of the Christians in Syria -- and how they are under threat by some Islamist groups -- further complicates the already confusing landscape there and weighs down the simple arguments for war.

'No protection'

I met with parishioners in a conference room at the beautiful Antiochian church. They are highly educated men and women, mostly Syrian-born physicians and academics. They are not supportive of Assad's reported cruelty, such as the alleged chemical attacks. But they also want President Obama to know this:

"If the president drops missiles and destabilizes the government, the Christians left in Syria will be destroyed," said Marwan Baghdan. "They will have no protection. Our families are there. Our brothers and sisters. Our parents. And they're very scared."

Sausan Yazji spoke of Wadi al-Nasara (Valley of Christians), where many remaining Syrian Christians have gone to seek refuge.

"My uncle was 80 years old and was shot by a sniper in the stomach in his bed," she said. "Many people have come to Wadi al-Nasara. Entire families are crowded into one room. They're afraid to worship."

"There is a purification campaign and jihadist elements among the rebels who see Christianity as blasphemy," Shea told me. "History has shown what happens to Christians in the Middle East during times of chaos. It happened during the Armenian genocide, and most recently in Iraq and Egypt, with churches burned to the ground."

And now it is happening in Syria.

And among the pro-war elites in Washington, the plight of the Syrian Christians, and their brethren throughout the Middle East, is often pointedly forgotten, and pointedly ignored.


John Kass is a columnist for the Chicago Tribune. Readers may send him email at jskass@tribune.com.