4. One of the tax decisions by the British Parliament that angered the colonists was the Stamp Act. What did it tax?
5. Who said, “Give me liberty or give me death”?
A. George Washington
B. Thomas Paine
C. Samuel Adams
D. Patrick Henry
6. In 1775, which colony did Parliament declare to be in “open rebellion”?
B. New York
C. South Carolina
7. As military commander, how was George Washington’s overall record?
A. He won almost all of the battles.
B. He won more than he lost.
C. He won and lost the same amount.
D. He lost more than he won.
8. To add to the British troops in America, George III hired mercenaries from what country?
C. The Netherlands
9. What was the name of the group of colonists that staged actions like the Boston Tea Party?
A. Sons of America
B. Sons of Freedom
C. Sons of Liberty
D. Sons of Democracy
10. After approving the Declaration of Independence, the Continental Congress continued to meet in Philadelphia until the British took the city. To what city did the Continental Congress move temporarily?
B. New York
11. From where does the Declaration of Independence say a government receives the ability to secure inalienable rights like “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
A. From the separation powers
B. From the laws of Nature and Nature’s God
C. From wisdom and strength
D. From the consent of the governed
1. B. Vermont territory was disputed between New Hampshire and New York and was not one of the original colonies. Its residents initially declared themselves a sovereign state but joined the union in 1791.
2. C. Washington reportedly wanted six-point stars, but Ross showed him it was easier to create 5-pointers with a single cut of folded fabric.
3. D. Gunpowder was invented in China around the 9th Century.
4. C. The law required documents and some other paper products, including newspapers, to have a tax stamp, raising money to help pay off costs of colonial protection after the French and Indian War.
5. D. Patrick Henry. Although he was a delegate to the Continental Congress, he said this at the convention to draft Virginia’s constitution in 1775.
6. A. The site of the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was the largest hotbed of rebellion against the crown.
7. D. Washington had a string of early defeats, but learned those lessons and escaped to fight another day, held his troops together at Valley Forge and won the most important battles, including the surprise attack on Trenton and the final battle at Yorktown, which led to the British surrender.
8. B. George III, who had strong family ties to Germany, hired Hessian mercenaries.
9. C. Among the group were Samuel Adams and John Hancock.
10. A. The Congress met in Baltimore for part of 1776 and 1777, before returning to cities in Pennsylvania.
11. D. The sentence after the statement of inalienable rights is “To secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.”