NEW YORK — U.S. stocks are lower Thursday, led by big technology names, as Wall Street continues to swirl after the Federal Reserve said it will keep interest rates at nearly zero for years to help nurse the wheezing economy.
The S&P 500 was 1.5 percent lower in midday trading. A day earlier the index gave away gains in the last hour of trading to drop to its first loss in four days.
The selling was widespread, with 10 of the 11 sectors that make up the S&P 500 lower and the heaviest losses in those that are homes to Amazon, Facebook and Apple. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 293 points, or 1.1 percent, to 27,738, as of 12:45 p.m. Eastern time, and the Nasdaq composite was down 2.3 percent.
Low interest rates are usually a boon for investors, sending stocks soaring, and analysts gave varying possible reasons for the market’s weakness. Among them: the gloomy outlook Fed Chair Jerome Powell gave for the economy’s prospects and built-up expectations in some corners that the Fed would be even more generous with its stimulus. This also isn’t the first hangover stocks have had following a rate announcement by the Fed.
“The market really got a bunch of nothing from the Fed,” said Shawn Cruz, senior market strategist at TD Ameritrade. “Maybe that would be OK if we were continuing along with the recovery, but the recovery is starting to decelerate.”
Another possibility for the weakness is the diminishing odds that Congress will deliver more aid for the economy anytime soon after benefits for unemployed workers and other stimulus expired recently. Investors say such aid is crucial for the recovery, and Powell talked about the importance of it in a press conference Wednesday.
The Fed’s actions in the wake of the economic slump, along with any further actions, could have a diminishing impact and the latest statements may be a “warning shot across the bow of Congress that they need to do something,” Cruz said.
A report on Thursday showed that another 860,000 workers applied for unemployment benefits last week. But partisan disagreements on Capitol Hill have held up any renewal of Congressional support.
“Fundamentally, the economy is still moving in the right direction, but the risk of potentially jeopardizing the recovery from reduced fiscal support is becoming uncomfortably high,” Piper Sandler strategist Craig Johnson wrote in a report.
Economists say the impact of Congress’ inaction may already be showing in the data. Retail sales growth weakened last month, for example, as unemployed workers were no longer getting $600 in extra weekly benefits from the federal government. President Donald Trump issued an executive order in early August to provide a scaled-back version of the benefits, but that program is expiring.
Trump urged his fellow Republicans on Wednesday to move toward a big package of aid, which is what Democrats have been arguing for, but negotiations still remain far apart.
The number of workers applying for jobless benefits has been coming down slowly, but it remains incredibly high compared with history.
The high unemployment figures, along with other signs of a weaker recovery and a potential second wave of the virus are weighing on investors.
“You put that alongside the Fed starting to pull back the punch bowl, or at least not refill it as much as people wanted, it’s enough to spook markets,” TD Ameritrade’s Cruz said.
Big Tech stocks were again at the center of Wall Street’s selling. After flying through the pandemic on expectations that their strong growth will only continue, Apple and other superstar stocks suddenly lost momentum earlier this month amid worries they had become too expensive.
Apple fell 2.2 percent, Amazon sank 3 percent and Facebook lost 3.6 percent.
Among the gainers was Herman Miller, which jumped 33.5 percent after reporting much stronger profit for its latest quarter than analysts expected. It benefited from a rush of people buying furniture for home offices they had to suddenly set up due to the pandemic.
Treasury yields fell in a sign of increased caution in the market. The yield on the 10-year Treasury fell to 0.68 percent from 0.69 percent late Wednesday.
Stocks in markets around the world were also weak.
In Europe, the German DAX lost 0.4 percent, and the French CAC 40 fell 0.7 percent. The FTSE 100 in London was unchanged.
In Asia, Japan’s Nikkei 225 fell 0.7 percent, South Korea’s Kospi dropped 1.2 percent and Hong Kong’s Hang Seng lost 1.6 percent. Stocks in Shanghai slipped 0.4 percent