STOCKHOLM — Many Western arms companies failed to ramp up production in 2022 despite a strong increase in demand for weapons and military equipment, a watchdog group said Monday, adding that labor shortages, soaring costs and supply chain disruptions had been exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
In its Top 100 of such firms, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said the arms revenue of the world’s largest arms-producing and military services companies last year stood at $597 billion — a 3.5 percent drop from 2021.
“Many arms companies faced obstacles in adjusting to production for high-intensity warfare,” said Lucie Beraud-Sudreau, director of the independent institute’s Military Expenditure and Arms Production Program.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute said the revenues of the 42 U.S. companies on the list — accounting for 51 percent of total arms sales — fell by 7.9 percent to $302 billion in 2022. Of those, 32 recorded a fall in year-on-year arms revenue, most of them citing ongoing supply chain issues and labor shortages stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Nan Tian, a senior researcher with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, said that “we are beginning to see an influx of new orders linked to the war in Ukraine.”
He cited some major U.S. companies, including Lockheed Martin and Raytheon Technologies, and said that because of “existing order backlogs and difficulties in ramping up production capacity, the revenue from these orders will probably only be reflected in company accounts in two to three years’ time.”
Companies in Asia and the Middle East saw their arms revenues grow significantly in 2022, the institute said in its assessment, saying it demonstrated “their ability to respond to increased demand within a shorter time frame.” The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute singled out Israel and South Korea.
“However, despite the year-on-year drop, the total Top 100 arms revenue was still 14 percent higher in 2022 than in 2015 — the first year for which the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute included Chinese companies in its ranking.
The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute also said that countries placed new orders late in the year and the time lag between orders and production meant that the surge in demand was not reflected in these companies’ 2022 revenues.
“However, new contracts were signed, notably for ammunition, which could be expected to translate into higher revenue in 2023 and beyond,” Beraud-Sudreau said.