Although he was an advocate of nonviolent resistance, King did have firearms to protect himself and his family after receiving death threats, according to a 2011 article by Adam Winkler, a UCLA law professor. He once applied for a concealed carry permit, which was denied by local law enforcement at a time when police used any pretext to deny permits to Black applicants, Winkler wrote.
So to the extent that Jim Crow laws kept Black people from exercising the gun rights that white people had, he was probably opposed.
King did write, in his Letter from Birmingham Jail, that “justice too long delayed is justice denied.”
Justice and rights are different, and in making that statement, however, he wasn’t claiming it as his own. He attributed it to “one of our distinguished jurists.”
Being in jail, King likely didn’t have access to a Bartlett’s Familiar Quotations, so he can be forgiven for not attributing it directly to former British Prime Minister William Gladstone. It showed up in many American judicial rulings after that.
A search of American newspapers shows the earliest use of “A right delayed is a right denied” may have been in 1958 by Georgia State Sen. Peyton Hawes. He wasn’t talking about gun rights, free speech or voting rights. Rather, he was reacting to the failure of an effort by that state to improve its mental health system with improved medical facilities.
Gun control groups aren’t the only ones who attribute the “delayed rights” quote to King. It has been used by groups arguing for same-sex marriage rights, those pushing for more rights for the homeless and even people speaking on King’s legacy.
The problem with the quote, and its use, is that rights can sometimes be delayed and that’s not an automatic denial. The right to vote is nationally delayed until one is at least 18. Some states require a residency of a month or more, which means a person who moves to a state on Nov. 1 of a year divisible by four might not be allowed to vote for president that year.
The right to peacefully protest can be conditioned on a permit, which can result in delays while the permit is processed.
Such delays don’t automatically deny those constitutional rights. The argument then becomes, what’s reasonable?
In the case of the delays for background checks and training, gun rights supports seem to be on stronger ground arguing — as some did — that the infrastructure to support those requirements isn’t in place so it’s not reasonable to condition sales on them until those systems are established.
But that would involve debating points on the merits, without the questionable support of an icon to bolster an argument that person may or may not agree with.